Mines and mineral resource deposits
Razrabotnaya Mountain is a historical site and the second highest point in the reserve (1961 m above sea level). At the end of 18th century, French naturalist E.M. Patren discovered cloudy blue aquamarine and rosy quartz here. This deposit is known as Tigirezkye belki (“Tigirezkye snow-covered mountain peaks”) and was mined in the 19th century. Later a beryl over one meter in diameter was mined here and is now an exhibit in the Museum of Mining, in St. Petersburg.
Beloretsky mine is a historical site consists of two abandoned mine shafts containing the remains of mining equipment used for extraction and primary enrichment of tungsten ore and quartz sand tailings.
Kolyvano-Kuznetskaya line of defense
Tigireksky Outpost (within the village of Tigirek) is a monument to war engineering ingenuity, part of the Kolyvano-Kusnetskaya line of defense dating to the 18th century. It was formerly a military fortification with a redoubt and two bastions. At the present, only a large rampart and a broad ditch have survived.
Regional natural landmarks
located within Tigireksky Reserve’s buffer zone.
Silurian transverse is one of the best transverse of the Chagyrskaya and Kuimovskaya layers permitting a detailed study of Silurian sedimentation.
Semipeshchernaya Mountain (“The Mount of Seven Caves”) resembles a rocky cape. The name of the mount purely fictional, as it has only 3 caves and 2 deep niches, as well as an arch, a pass-through cavity and several small niches at water level. In 1771 P.S. Pallas made his first Siberian archeological discoveries in one of these caves.
Logovo Giyeny Cave (“Hyena’s den”) is a small cavern in Upper Silurian chalkstones. It is famous for discoveries of the petrified remains of Pleistocene period fauna: horses, Asiatic wild asses (Equus hemionus), bison, yak, Siberian ibex, argali mountain sheep, red deer, woolly rhinoceros, and cave hyenas, the latter of which used the cave for shelter and reproduction.
Strashnaya Cave (“Terrible Cave”) is known for archeological discoveries illustrating the history of human settlement in northwestern Altai. The cave contains more than 20 cultural layers, the deepest of which is as many as 40,000 years old. Paleontological material found here is unique and includes 45 species of large mammals and 43 species of small mammals, including representatives of modern Altai fauna: wolf, red deer, moose, badger, and marmot as well as a few extinct species, such as mammoth, woolly rhinoceros, cave lion, cave hyena, blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), and porcupine.
Yashchur Cave is of karst origin, 210 m in length, 35 m deep and a maximum of 24 m wide. It has three entrances, two of them being wide gaps. The floor of the cave contains stalagmites. Several grottoes are inhabited by bats. Visitation is limited due to the fragility of the ecosystem in this cave.
Strashnoy (“Scary”) Ravine is a typical example representing a full range of karst forms. This natural landmark is a large karst canyon with caves in its rocky banks. Drevnyaya Cave (“Ancient”) is located here. Strashnoy Ravine’s creek runs its entire length, often losing itself underground and in potholes. Some of these potholes are entrances into previously unexplored caves.